NCSD Policy Brief (NCSD, November 2019). Prepared by Philip Tegeler and Lily Milwit, Poverty & Race Research Action Council.
- The current Title I formula under ESSA can disincentivize innovative interdistrict programs that promote racial and economic integration since Title I allocations shrink as districts reduce their overall levels of school poverty.
- Two leading Democratic presidential candidates have called out the formula as a problem to be addressed, creating a renewed opportunity for reform that encourages, rather than discourages, interdistrict and intradistrict desegregation and deconcentration of poverty.
- Based on the findings and proposals of Professor Derek W. Black, NCSD recommends a “hold harmless” rule that would hold harmless in overall Title I funding any school or district that enacts policies aimed at deconcentrating low-income students for a transition period of at least three years.